The most critical part of opioid addiction treatment is detoxing safely and ensuring that withdrawal symptoms do not cause a relapse or overdose. It is recommended that individuals detoxing from these medications seek help from medical professionals.
Once detox is complete, they may offer medication-assistance treatment (MAT) to ensure those withdrawal symptoms are taken care of.
- Lofexidine is an FDA-approved, non-opioid medication for treating opioid withdrawal.
- Buprenorphine can reduce cravings as it blocks the activation of opioid receptors.
- Naltrexone also blocks opioid receptors and reduces cravings.
- Clonidine reduces withdrawal symptoms and makes this process a little more comfortable.
- Propranolol reduces anxiety and can help treat other withdrawal symptoms.
There is also evidence that exercise or any activity that can naturally stimulate opioid receptors will help to make the withdrawal process easier. Exercise has a variety of benefits for individuals going through opioid withdrawal, including:
- Reduced Anxiety
- Decrease in Depression
- Decreased Cravings
- Improved Coping and Stress Management